Critical analysis of non-performing assets (NPA) in Indian banking sectors
Dr. Ashish Khandelwal and Rumjhum Choudhary
The level of non-performing assets (NPAs) best indicates the soundness of the banking sector of a country. The purpose of this study is an effort to look into the contribution of the different banks individually to the NPA in the industry by looking into its growth pattern during the period 2010-2017. Further, the study is made to look into the effect of different groups of banks, namely, State Bank of India (SBI) and its associates, nationalised banks and private sector banks on the banking industry in this regard. The individual private sector banks, nationalised banks and SBI and its associates have been considered for the purpose of the study. The analysis is based on secondary data collected from the Reserve Bank of India website for the period 2010-2017.The geometric mean has been used as a statistical tool for arriving at the mean growth rate of gross NPAs. Further, reﬁnement of the result is done by comparing the growth of gross NPAs of individual banks with that of the average growth rate. The assessment of private sector banks reveals that the growth rate of NPA is slow as compared to the nationalised banks, as well as the SBI and its associates. The nationalised banks and the associate banks of SBI failed to handle the issue of poor loans effectively due to which the growth in such loans has been phenomenally high.