An analysis of growth and performance of India’s agriculture export
Recent developments in the international trade scenario and corresponding alterations in India’s foreign trade policies have depicted far-reaching implications for India’s agricultural sector in general and agricultural exports in particular. Indian Agriculture product has occupied an important place in the world agriculture product. India used to be the central place of export for many agricultural commodities. The present study has ascertained the growth and performance of India’s agricultural exports during the period (1991-2010). It has been found that in exports of certain commodities like rice and Cereals, India has been able to maintain its growth rate, but several other commodities like tea, coffee, pulses, sugar, etc. have been negatively affected. India has been found losing out its share in export of some of the agricultural commodities during the period after economic reforms (1991). This paper seeks to quantify the extent to which India has achieved growth in agriculture trade during the period of 2009-2011; emerging world demand for Indian agricultural commodities offers great opportunity. Indian agricultural exports have increased manifolds. However, the contribution of agricultural export in the total export of the country has decline. The present study explores the growth performance of India’s agricultural exports from 1991-92 to 2010-11, and their contribution of percentage share in total export of India as well as Gross Domestic Product by using secondary sources of data collection. The study also examines the changing behavior of the contribution of individual group of commodities in the basket of total agricultural export. It includes the major agriculture product/crops that contributes to the maximum share in the total agriculture export in different periods (2000-2011).