International Journal of Research in Finance and Management
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E-ISSN: 2617-5762|P-ISSN: 2617-5754

2024, Vol. 7, Issue 1

Navigating consolidation: Understanding objectives, legislation and phases of banking mergers in the Indian financial sector: A review

Neelanjan Mitra, Dr. Malini Mazumder and Dr. Soma Bose Biswas

The Indian banking sector has witnessed a significant wave of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) in recent years, reshaping the landscape of the financial industry. This research paper delves into the objectives that drive the enactment of banking mergers in India, providing a comprehensive overview and conceptual framework for understanding these complex transactions. The study explores the evolution of banking M&A, from the initiation of discussions to the post-merger integration phase. The paper begins by elucidating the dynamics of mergers and acquisitions, offering a theoretical foundation for comprehending the intricacies involved in these strategic moves. It examines the global and Indian banking contexts, identifying the key motivations and factors that encourage consolidation within the sector. The composition of the paper is structured into three distinct phases: the pre-merger phase, acquisition phase, and post-merger phase. In the pre-merger phase, the research investigates the strategic, regulatory, and financial aspects that drive banks to contemplate mergers. It highlights the importance of due diligence, stakeholder alignment, and regulatory compliance during this phase. The acquisition phase delves into the specifics of the merger process, outlining the stages from negotiation to finalization. It discusses the strategies employed by acquiring banks, the valuation methodologies, and the challenges faced in merging diverse banking cultures and operations. The post-merger phase scrutinizes the critical aspects of integration, synergy realization, and performance evaluation. This phase is vital in assessing the success of banking mergers and their impact on the overall financial stability and competitiveness of the Indian banking sector. Furthermore, the paper evaluates the legislative framework governing banking mergers in India and its evolution over time. It analyzes the role of regulatory bodies and government policies in facilitating and regulating these transactions. Ultimately, this research paper aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the objectives behind banking mergers in the Indian banking sector, shedding light on the strategic decisions, regulatory environment, and post-merger outcomes that shape the future of this dynamic industry. It contributes valuable insights for policymakers, bankers, and researchers, facilitating informed decision-making in the context of banking mergers in India.
Pages : 242-253 | 98 Views | 41 Downloads

International Journal of Research in Finance and Management
How to cite this article:
Neelanjan Mitra, Dr. Malini Mazumder, Dr. Soma Bose Biswas. Navigating consolidation: Understanding objectives, legislation and phases of banking mergers in the Indian financial sector: A review. Int J Res Finance Manage 2024;7(1):242-253. DOI: 10.33545/26175754.2024.v7.i1c.306
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